A stroke is a medical emergency that necessitates immediate intervention. While certain health issues can elevate the risk of experiencing a stroke, an unhealthy lifestyle can also contribute to its occurrence.
In this report, based on insights from “Hopkins medicine,” HealthValueTips examines the most significant factors that elevate the likelihood of this disease.
When the blood supply to the brain is compromised, a stroke occurs. The brain requires a continuous supply of oxygen and nutrients to function optimally, and even a brief interruption in blood flow can lead to the death of brain cells within minutes. Consequently, if specific regions of the brain perish due to this event, it can result in impaired abilities such as movement, speech, eating, or excretion.
Recognizing the symptoms of a stroke is crucial, as they demand immediate attention.
What are the symptoms of a stroke?
The symptoms to watch out for include weakness or numbness on one side of the face, arm, or leg; difficulty in speaking or understanding; vision problems like blurred or lost vision in one or both eyes; dizziness or balance issues; problems with movement or walking; fainting; and experiencing a sudden, unexplained severe headache.
While the exact cause of this disease may not always be identifiable, certain factors can increase the likelihood of its occurrence. A blood pressure reading of 140/90 or higher can damage the blood vessels supplying blood to the brain.
Risk factors for exposure to this disease
Heart disease stands as the second-most significant risk factor for strokes and remains the primary cause of death among stroke survivors, with similar risk factors to those of heart disease.
People with diabetes also face an elevated risk of stroke compared to those without the condition. A high concentration of red blood cells can thicken the blood and increase clot formation, further heightening the risk of this disease.
Elevated levels of cholesterol and fats in the blood contribute to artery thickening or hardening caused by plaque buildup. This buildup reduces blood flow to the brain and can lead to a stroke if blood flow is obstructed.
Certain heart conditions, like arrhythmia or an irregular heartbeat (atrial fibrillation), can also increase the risk of this disease and are treatable risk factors for cardiac arrest. Structural abnormalities in the heart, particularly damaged heart valves, can lead to chronic heart damage, increasing the risk of stroke over time. Additionally, a family history of stroke raises an individual’s chances of experiencing this disease.
Moreover, several stroke risk factors can be controlled, including smoking, the use of narcotic drugs, and obesity. Addressing these modifiable risk factors can significantly reduce the risk of stroke.