Headache is defined as pain created in the head or neck due to irritation or inflammation of tissues and structures surrounding the skull or brain, because the brain tissue itself does not contain nerves to feel pain.
It is worth mentioning that there are many different kinds of headaches, which can be divided into two main types; The first type, it is primary headaches, such as tension headaches and cluster headaches, and the next type is secondary headaches, They are a sign of an illness, a health issue, or an adverse reaction to some of the treatments used.
Initial cephalalgia is more common, accounting for more than 90% of all complaints about it, including the most common accidental stress headaches, affecting 30-78% of people.
Headache Types And Causes
Causes of primary
The first headache is divided into four main groups: migraine, tension headache, trigeminal autonomic cephalalgias, in addition to other types that are not within the first three groups and have no secondary cause. Therefore, a number of brain tests often do not show abnormal results, unlike the secondary, which is usually associated with a clinical examination disorder, and these types of headache usually occur early in life and lower rates of occurrence after the age of 40-50.
The following are the different types of initial it:
1. Migraine: A type of recurrent headache that causes pain characterized by pulse or palpitations, ranging in severity from moderate to severe, often on one side of the head, throbbing head may be accompanied by other symptoms, such as: Nausea, weakness, sensitivity to light and sound, and researchers believe that migraines are associated with genetic causes.
However, there are a number of other factors that can lead to migraines including neurological pressure and anxiety, hormonal changes in women, bright or flashing lights, loud noise strong smell, some medications, too much sleep or not sleeping long enough, sudden changes in the weather or environment, a lot of physical activity, smoking, withdrawal symptoms of caffeine or caffeine intake, skipping meals and overuse of medicines used to treat migraines, some foods and food additives such as: Alcohol, chocolate, old cheeses, monosodium glutamate, some fruits and nuts, fermented or pickled products, yeast, and cured meat.
2. Tension headaches: Cause of it mild pain, tightness, or pressure around the forehead or back of the head and neck and some patients may describe it as a synapse that compresses the skull, the most common headache among adults And this kind of headache usually occurs late in the day, It may be accompanied by sleep problems, extreme fatigue and irritation focus problems, light sensitivity to light or noise, muscle pain, and unlike migraines, other neurological symptoms like muscle weakness or impaired vision, as well as extreme sensitivity to light, noise, stomach discomfort, nausea, or vomiting, are not brought on by this particular form of sick.
It is worth mentioning that there is not a single cause of stress headaches. Most often stress are caused by pressure at work, school, family, friends and other relationships. This type is not associated with inheritance, often caused by muscle tightening in the back of the neck and scalp, as well as a list of other causes of this type of sick: Lack of rest, emotional or mental stress, including depression, anxiety, fatigue, hunger, low iron levels, alcohol use, caffeine intake, jaw or tooth problems.
3. Trigeminal autonomic cephalalgias: This type is characterized by a common pattern of trigeminal pain, as well as signs of dysfunction of the autonomic nervous system such as: tearing and runny nose. This type of headaches includes different types, including: cluster headaches, chronic paroxysmal hemicrania, short-term migraines, and neurogenic migraine attacks accompanied by congestion and conjunctival ruptures. The many forms of this sort of cephalalgia are brought on by a neural system flaw.
Causes of secondary
This pounding head is a symptom of diseases that can affect pain-sensitive nerves of the head. It is worth mentioning that there are many conditions that vary greatly in severity, which can cause secondary headaches. A list of its causes includes:
- Acute sinusitis.
- Cerebral venous thrombosis, It is different from a stroke.
- Brain aneurysm.
- Arterial ruptures and carotid or vertebral dissections.
- Arteriovenous malformation, It is an abnormal formation of blood vessels in the brain.
- A brain tumor has formed.
- Carbon monoxide poisoning.
- Dental problems.
- Middle ear infection.
- The development of an intracranial hematoma.
- The use of monosodium glutamate
- Brain concussion.
- Influenza and other diseases accompanied by fever.
- Brain inflammation.
- Temporal arteritis.
- Glaucoma or blue water.
- Excessive alcohol intake.
- Excessive use of certain medications.
- Eat ice cream.
- The instrument is on the teeth at night.
- Excessive use of analgesic drugs.
- Having a panic disorder.
- Pressure brought on by using goggles or a helmet that is too tight.
- Having a stroke.